Patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD) will be exposed to active repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) from F8 coil or active rTMS from H coil for smoking cessation. Smoking and brain functional connectivity changes will be assessed at baseline, different stages of rTMS and/or follow-ups.



Eligible Ages
Between 22 Years and 65 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Male and female between ages 22-65 years 2. Ability to give written informed consent 3. Smoking in the last one year or more and average cigarette per day ≥ 5 in the past 4 weeks 4. Diagnosed with schizophrenia-spectrum disorder and Evaluation to Sign Consent (ESC) above10. 5. Is currently under the care of a licensed primary care provider or mental healthcare provider (e.g., psychiatrist, psychologist, nurse practitioner, licensed clinical social worker). 6. Agrees to: (a) provide written permission, as requested, to allow any and all forms of communication between the investigators and study staff and any health care provider who currently provides and/or has provided service to the subject within two years of study enrollment; and (b) provide the names and verifiable contact information (name, email and mailing address, mobile and land-line phone number, as applicable) of at least two reliable persons ≥ age 22, who reside within a 30-minute drive of the subject's residence, and whom the research staff is at liberty to contact, as deemed necessary, for the duration of study participation.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Persons with a first-degree relative with inherited epilepsy, seizure disorder, or seizures or persons who answer "yes" to any of the parts (A. - G.) of Question 3 of an epilepsy screening questionnaire. 2. Had smoking cessation treatment, clinical trial, or nicotine replacements within the past four weeks. 3. Significant alcohol or other drug use (substance dependence within 6 months or substance abuse within 1 month) other than nicotine or marijuana dependence. 4. Any major medical illnesses that may affect normal brain functioning. Examples of these conditions include, but not limited to, stroke, CNS infection or tumor, other significant brain neurological conditions. 5. Taking > 400 mg clozapine/day or Failed TMS screening questionnaire. 6. Cardiac pacemakers, implanted medication pumps, intracardiac lines, or acute, unstable cardiac disease, with intracranial implants (e.g. aneurysm clips, shunts, stimulators, cochlear implants, or electrodes) or any other metal object within or near the head, excluding the mouth, that cannot be safely removed. 7. History of head injury with loss of consciousness over 10 minutes; history of brain surgery 8. Cannot refrain from using alcohol and/or marijuana 24 hours or more & cigarette smoking one hour or more prior to experiments. 9. Woman who is pregnant (child-bearing potential but not on contraceptive and missing menstrual period; or by self-report; or by positive pregnancy test) or has had unprotected sexual intercourse without birth control in the last 4 weeks. 10. Moderate-High Risk of suicide according to the Columbia - Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C- SSRS) Screen Version - Recent (i.e. answers YES to Question 3 and NO to Question 6 (Moderate risk); or answers YES to Questions 4, 5, or 6 (High risk) or in the clinical judgement of the investigator or the study psychiatrist. 11. In the medical opinion of the investigator, subjects with the following circumstances or conditions which can increase the risk of seizures may be excluded: sleep deprivation; major depressive disorder comorbid with dementia, underweight status; concurrent use of cephalosporins and antiarrhythmics (particularly propranolol); metabolic abnormalities (hyponatremia, hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, renal failure/uremia, liver failure); raised blood concentrations of proconvulsant medications due to reduced clearance (e.g. secondary to initiation of antibiotics for treatment of infections); alcohol withdrawal; use of stimulants, such as cocaine or MDMA; use of immunosuppressive therapy with cyclosporine, tacrolimus and other agents that can cause the posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome; dialysis; systemic infection, and fever itself.

Study Design

Study Type
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Study group
Participants in this group will receive active F8-coil delivered rTMS.
  • Device: active F8-coil delivered rTMS
    Multiple trains of rTMS in a day, for multiple days.
Active Comparator
Active control group
Participants in this group will receive active H-coil delivered rTMS.
  • Device: active H-coil delivered rTMS
    Multiple trains of rTMS in a day, for multiple days.

Recruiting Locations

The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
Houston, Texas 77054
Xiaoming Du, PhD

More Details

The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston

Study Contact

Xiaoming Du, PhD

Detailed Description

Neuroimaging studies suggest that high rate of smoking in patients with schizophrenia may be due to an overlap of nicotine addiction-related circuitries and schizophrenia-related circuitries, such that schizophrenia impacts some of the same circuitries that increase risks for severe nicotine addiction in general. Those identified overlapping circuitries have been linked to several key features of nicotine addiction and can be represented by resting-state functional connectivities. The investigators aim to develop a TMS method targeting special brain circuits that are both smoking cessation and schizophrenia-related. If the corresponding brain circuits were successfully modulated, the treatment efficacy will be significantly improved and schizophrenia patients will benefit from the TMS treatment of smoking cessation. The F8 coil based rTMS is not FDA approved for smoking cessation at this point, the rTMS with H4 coil is FDA-cleared for short-term smoking cessation in the general population, its efficacy in SSD has not been evaluated. In this protocol, the investigators will compare them in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.