Purpose

A Phase II multi-center, double-blind, parallel group, randomized and placebo-controlled clinical trial addressing the treatment of patients with active and symptomatic Scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD).

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Age ≥18 yrs
  2. Scleroderma as determined by the 2013 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) classification criteria.
  3. Grade ≥2 on the Magnitude of Task component of the Mahler Modified Dyspnea Index
  4. FVC-% of ≤85% at screening
  5. Onset of the first non-Raynaud manifestation of SSc within the prior 84 months.
  6. Presence of any ground-glass opacification (GGO) on thoracic HRCT
  7. Repeat FVC-% at the baseline visit within 10% of the FVC-% value measured at screening. If these criteria are not met, a repeat FVC-% may be obtained within 7 days and the subject may qualify for randomization if the repeat FVC-% agrees within 10% of the FVC-% obtained at screening.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Disease features supporting the primary diagnosis of another connective tissue disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus or mixed connective tissue disease (Features consistent with a secondary Sjogren syndrome or scleroderma-associated myopathy will be allowed).
  2. FVC-% of <45% at either screening or baseline.
  3. Forced Expiratory Volume in the first second (FEV1)/Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) ratio <0.65 at either screening or baseline.
  4. DLCOHb-% of <30% at screening or <25% at baseline.

a) All participants with a DLCOHb-% between 30 to 40% must have pulmonary artery pressures documented by either echocardiogram, right heart catheterization or magnetic resonance imaging in order to be considered for inclusion.

5. Diagnosis of clinically significant resting pulmonary hypertension requiring treatment or mild pulmonary hypertension requiring treatment with more than one oral medication as ascertained prior to study evaluation or as part of a standard of care clinical assessment performed outside of the study protocol.

6. Evidence of uncontrolled congestive heart failure, unstable ischemic heart disease, history of complicated pulmonary embolism impacting on heart or lung function, or unstable cardiac arrhythmia requiring chronic anticoagulation.

7. Clinically significant abnormalities on HRCT not attributable to SSc

8. Hematologic abnormality at screening including:

1. Leukopenia (white blood cells [WBC] <4.0x10^3/µl).

2. Thrombocytopenia (platelet count <120.0x10^3/µl).

3. Clinically significant anemia [Hemoglobin (Hgb) <10.0 g/dl].

Participants with an identified and correctable etiology may be eligible if repeat testing within the maximal 90-day screening period meets all criteria.

9. A diagnosis of chronic liver disease or abnormal baseline liver function test (LFTs) or total bilirubin that are >2.0 x upper normal limit

10. Serum creatinine >2.0mg/dl

11. History of recurrent aspiration, uncontrolled heartburn, or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with a reflux scale score of >1.00 as determined by a UCLA Scleroderma Clinical Trial Consortium Gastrointestinal Scale (UCLA SCTC GIT), Version 2.0.

Participants with uncontrolled heartburn or GERD that is amenable to medical management may be eligible if repeat testing within the maximal 90-day screening period meets this criteria.

12. Known achalasia, esophageal stricture or esophageal dysfunction sufficient to limit the ability to swallow medication.

13. Pregnancy (as documented by blood test) and/or breast feeding

14. If of child bearing potential (a female participant < 55 years of age who has not been postmenopausal for ≥ 5 years or who has not had a hysterectomy and/or oophorectomy), failure to employ two reliable means of contraception which may include surgical sterilization, barrier methods, spermicidals, intrauterine devices, and/or hormonal contraception, unless the participant chooses abstinence (to avoid heterosexual intercourse completely). If a subject chooses abstinence, then a second reliable means of contraception is not needed.

15. Prior use of potential disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) according to the following exposure rules:

1. Use of oral cyclophosphamide (CYC), MMF, azathioprine or other oral or short half-life DMARDs (as detailed in Protocol Section 7.5.1a) for more than 6 months in the past year as determined at the time of the initial screening visit.

2. Treatment with more than three intravenous doses of CYC, one treatment course of Rituximab or other intravenous or injectable DMARDs (as detailed in Protocol Section 7.5.1b) in the past year.

3. More distant history of treatment with a DMARD is allowed as long as the patient has a new diagnosis/new episode of active SSc-ILD since stopping that treatment and meets the criteria noted in 15a or 15b. .

16. Use of CYC, MMF, azathioprine, Rituximab or other DMARD (as defined in Protocol Section 7.5.1a&b) in the 30 days prior to their baseline visit unless the patient is on MMF and the responsible physician indicates that continued use is in the best clinical interest of the patient.

17. Active infection (lung, ulcers or elsewhere) whose management would be compromised by immunosuppression.

18. Other serious concomitant medical illness (e.g., active malignancy within the past 5 years other than surgically-removed local skin cancer such as a basal cell carcinoma), chronic debilitating illness (other than SSc), unreliability or drug abuse that might compromise the patient's participation in the trial.

19. Current use, or use within the 30 days prior to their baseline visit, of prednisone (or equivalent) in doses >10 mg/day.

20. Smoking of cigars, pipes, or cigarettes during the past 6 months.

21. Use of contraindicated medications, including medications with putative disease-modifying properties that do not meet the exposure limits described in Exclusion Criteria #15 and #16, moderate or strong inhibitors of cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozyme 1A2 (CYP1A2) (note ciprofloxacin allowed up to a dose of 500 mg twice daily), and moderate inducers of CYP1A2 (such as tobacco smoke or phenytoin). See Protocol Section 7.5 for complete list.

Study Design

Phase
Phase 2
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Placebo Comparator
Placebo (Plac) + Mycophenolate (MMF)
Participants will receive Placebo (Plac) as add-on to a background therapy of Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF).
  • Drug: Placebo (Plac)
    Participants will receive a Plac, matched to resemble PFD, titrated up to a target dose of 801 mg taken three times daily as tolerated (3-step titration occurring at 2 week intervals).
    Other names:
    • Inactive capsule
  • Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)
    Participants will receive MMF titrated up to a target dose of 1500 mg taken twice daily as tolerated (4-step titration occurring at monthly intervals).
    Other names:
    • generic for Cellcept
Experimental
Pirfenidone (PFD) + Mycophenolate (MMF)
Participants will receive Pirfenidone (PFD) as add-on to a background therapy of Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF).
  • Drug: Pirfenidone (PFD)
    Participants will receive PFD titrated up to a target dose of 801 mg taken three times daily as tolerated (3-step titration occurring at 2 week intervals).
    Other names:
    • Esbriet
  • Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)
    Participants will receive MMF titrated up to a target dose of 1500 mg taken twice daily as tolerated (4-step titration occurring at monthly intervals).
    Other names:
    • generic for Cellcept

Recruiting Locations

University of Texas Medical School at Houston
Houston, Texas 77030
Contact:
Pat Gonzalez, LVN, CCRP
713-500-7118
Patricia.Gonzales@uth.tmc.edu

More Details

NCT ID
NCT03221257
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Michael Roth

Study Contact

Grace D Ibrahim
(310) 206-0396
GIbrahim@mednet.ucla.edu

Detailed Description

A Phase II multi-center, double-blind, parallel group, randomized and placebo-controlled clinical trial addressing the treatment of patients with active and symptomatic Scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD). Patients who are either treatment naive or only recently started treatment (</= 6 months of prior treatment) will be randomized in a 1:1 assignment to receive either oral mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and a placebo (Plac) or a combination of oral MMF and oral pirfenidone (PFD), with both regimens administered for 18 months. The primary hypothesis is that the rapid onset and anti-fibrotic effects of PFD, which have been observed in the treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), will complement the delayed antiinflammatory and immunosuppressive effects of MMF, to produce a significantly more rapid and/or greater improvement in lung function over time than occurs in patients receiving control therapy with MMF and Plac.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.